Friday, 16 October 2015

Costume Of Prelates Of the Catholic Church according to Roman Etiquette. By The Rev. John A. Nainfa S.S. Part 29.

CHAPTER V. Hand-Candlestick.


1. Description. — 2. The Pope. —3. Concession of Pius X.

1. The hand-candlestick, called by Rubrics and ceremonials bugia, palmatoria or acotula, is a low candlestick, with a long handle. It is held near the book by one of the attendants of the Prelate whenever the latter reads or sings something from the book.

According to the Ceremonial, it should be made of gold or gilt silver for Cardinals and Patriarchs, and of silver for all other Prelates; but this distinction is hardly ever observed in practice.

2. The Pope does not make use of the hand-candlestick; the Bishop Assistant at the Pontifical Throne, who acts as candle-bearer to the Pope, holds instead an ordinary wax candle.

3. Until 1905, only Prelates invested with the episcopal character and those who enjoyed the privilege of the pontificals were allowed to use the hand-candlestick. Others who used it did so in virtue of personal indults.

Pope Pius X. by his "motu proprio" Inter multiplices (1905) granted all Prelates, even Titular Protonotaries Apostolic (and thereby the Vicars General, if they are not Prelates otherwise) to use the hand-candlestick not only at High Mass, but also at Low Mass celebrated with some solemnity, at Vespers and other offices, provided they do not officiate in presence of another Prelate invested with a higher dignity.

The terms of this concession can be read in the motu proprio given in full in Appendix II.