Wednesday, 27 April 2016

The Catholic Church Alone. The One True Church of Christ. Part 49.

SIX VOLUMES IN ONE
BY THE DISTINGUISHED EXPONENTS OF CATHOLICISM
REV. HENRY DODRIDGE, D. D.
REV. HENRY EDWARD MANNING, D. D.
REV. F. LEWIS, of Granada
REV. STEPHEN KEENAN
REV. BERNARD VAUGHAN, S. J.
REV. THOMAS N. BURKE, O. P.

Q. Is it lawful to receive baptism?

A. No, it is not lawful to receive it, upon any account, more than once. Heb. vi. ver. 4, 6. And the reason is, because it imprints a spiritual character in the soul, which shall remain forever, either to our great joy in heaven, or our confusion in hell.

Q. What are the penalties for re-baptizing?

A. By the old civil law, it was death; and now, by the canons of the church, it is irregularity, and otherwise punishable.

Q. What is required of him who has a mind to receive baptism?

A. It is required of him, and he promises to God, to renounce the devil, his works, his pomps, and all his vanities. Moreover, it is necessary for him, who is come to the use of reason before he receives baptism, to have faith, a true and hearty sorrow and detestation for all his sin, and to begin to love God.

Q. What do you understand by the works, pomps, and vanities of the devil?

A. By the works of the devil, we understand all kinds of sin. By the pomps and vanities of the devil, we understand vain-glory, worldly ambition, and every other kind of pride.

Q. For what end are godfathers and godmothers appointed us, and what is the discipline of the church as to this point ?

A. That they may answer for and instruct us, in case our parents should die, or be wanting or negligent in that part of their duty; which obligation lies on them. At present, since the council of Trent, there is to be only one godfather and one godmother, and no more; and they ought both to be Catholics, and of a good reputation. According to the council of Trent, a spiritual affinity is contracted between the baptized and the sponsors, as also between the father and mother of the baptized, and the sponsors; but not between the sponsors themselves. This affinity is an impediment, not only making marriage unlawful, but also invalid, between the parties. It is also to be noted, that he who baptizes the child, contracts a spiritual affinity with the child, and with the child's parents: but where a child is baptized without the ceremonies, in case of necessity, there is no affinity contracted, when the ceremonies are performed afterwards ; and the reason is, because that ceremony is not a sacrament. This is declared by Innocent III.

Q. Are we bound to fulfill all that our godfathers and godmothers have promised in our name ?

A. We certainly are; for it is upon that condition we are admitted to baptism, and were made members of the Church, and heirs of the kingdom of heaven. Gal. v. 3, 6.

Q. What obligation does baptism lay upon us ?

A. To believe firmly all that the Catholic Church teaches. Secondly, to keep faithfully all the commandments of God and his Church. Rom. vi. 3, 4. And lastly, to follow diligently the example of our Saviour Christ, and his saints. 1 Pet. ii. 21.