SIX VOLUMES IN ONE
BY THE DISTINGUISHED EXPONENTS OF CATHOLICISM
REV. HENRY DODRIDGE, D. D.
REV. HENRY EDWARD MANNING, D. D.
REV. F. LEWIS, of Granada
REV. STEPHEN KEENAN
REV. BERNARD VAUGHAN, S. J.
REV. THOMAS N. BURKE, O. P.
Q. Are persons to be anointed before a battle, or persons condemned, or in a shipwreck ?
Q. When ought this sacrament to be given ?
A. In every sickness, where there is danger of death: but it is to be observed, that we ought not to defer it till the last hour, or agony of death; because it is much more profitable for the sick person to receive it whilst he has leisure, reason, and memory, to prepare himself for it.
Q. How ought a person to prepare himself for this sacrament?
A. If he be in mortal sin, he must clear his conscience, by a true and sincere confession. He ought also to make an act of contrition, at the time he receives it, and to beg of God to forgive him the sins which he has committed, by every organ or part that is anointed.
Q. But suppose he has lost his speech, and therefore cannot confess his sins; what ought he then to do?
A. In that case, he must make an act of contrition, or sorrow for his sins, and give signs, that he has a desire to obtain the forgiveness of them, and to receive the extreme unction.
Q. Can this sacrament be given to persons out of their senses?
A. Yes; if they desired it before, or very probably would have desired it.
Q. What parts are to be anointed?
A. The eyes, ears, nose, lips, hands and feet, and in some cases the reins, but not in women. When any member is wanting, the nearest part is to be anointed.
Q. What are the effects of this sacrament?
A. First, it remits all venial sins, and mortal sins forgotten: secondly, it remits something of the debt of punishment due to past sins: thirdly, it heals the soul of her infirmity and weakness, and a certain propension to sin, contracted by former sins, which are apt to remain in the soul, as the unhappy relics of sin: fourthly, it gives strength and grace to the soul, to bear with patience the pains and illness of the body, and it arms her against the temptations of her spiritual enemies : fifthly, it restores corporal health, if God sees it expedient for the good of the soul.
Q. Can the same person receive this sacrament more than once ?
A. Yes; but not in the same illness, unless it should be of long continuance, and that the state of the sick person should be changed, so as to recover out of danger, and then fall into the like case.