THE SEVEN DEADLY SINS EXPOUNDED.
SIX VOLUMES IN ONE
BY THE DISTINGUISHED EXPONENTS OF CATHOLICISM
REV. HENRY DODRIDGE, D. D.
REV. HENRY EDWARD MANNING, D. D.
REV. F. LEWIS, of Granada
REV. STEPHEN KEENAN
REV. BERNARD VAUGHAN, S. J.
REV. THOMAS N. BURKE, O. P.
Q. What is anger?
A. It is an inordinate desire of revenge, or of punishing those who displease us.
A. It is a natural passion of the soul, and may be either good or bad. A superior sins not in being angry, or desiring to punish a fault in a subject: but in others, it is both against justice and charity: and even superiors may sin in excess of anger?
Q. What branches are there in anger?
A. Scolding, when anger breaks forth into contradiction by words, and ends in threats and blows. Swelling with anger, as when a person ruminates in his mind, by how many ways he will take revenge. Contumely, when a person makes use of injurious words, reflecting upon other's morals, imperfection of body and mind, or misfortunes. Malediction, by wishing another some evil, from God, the devil, or some misfortune. Indignation, when we refuse to see, or converse with others through anger. Clamor, when we attack another with confused language, without any regard to what is said. Blasphemy, when in anger we use injurious words, either against God, his saints, or any holy thing. Lastly, manslaughter and murder. All which are grievous sins, in the sight of God, St. Matt. v. 22. Gal. v. 20. Eph. iv. 31.
Q. What are the remedies against anger, and what is the virtue opposite to it?
A. Meekness, which suppresseth in us all passion and desire of revenge: patience, which is a voluntary suffering of all injuries, hardships, miseries, troubles, labor, and poverty, for God's sake, as Christ has done. St. Peter ii. 23. To remember the example of our blessed Saviour in his sufferings, who calls upon all his followers; learn of me, because I am meek, etc. St. Matt, xi. 29, To consider the evil effects, as quarreling, fighting, murder. Resisting the first attack; silence, which will pacify our neighbor; the obligation of brotherly love; to consider and do all things rationally and discreetly, with the eyes and light of faith; and to beg earnestly the grace of God so to do. 2 Cor. iv. 17. St. James i. 17.