SIX VOLUMES IN ONE
BY THE DISTINGUISHED EXPONENTS OF CATHOLICISM
REV. HENRY DODRIDGE, D. D.
REV. HENRY EDWARD MANNING, D. D.
REV. F. LEWIS, of Granada
REV. STEPHEN KEENAN
REV. BERNARD VAUGHAN, S. J.
REV. THOMAS N. BURKE, O. P.
Q. What is religion ?
A. It is the worship we pay to God as the supreme being.
Q. How many sorts of worship are there ?
A. Several, viz.: Supreme, inferior, hyperdulia, religious and civil, absolute and relative.
Q. How do you explain these several kinds ?
A. Worship is paid to things upon account of their excellency. Supreme worship is paid to God only, and it is called Latria. Inferior worship is paid to saints and holy things, and it is called dulia. Hyperdulia is paid on account of some singular excellency communicated only to one, as to the blessed Virgin Mary. Religious worship is upon account of some supernatural excellency. Civil worship is on account of some natural or acquired excellency. Absolute worship is on account of some inherent excellency. Relative worship is on account of some relation it has to inherent excellency.
Q. Is the cross of Christ, and other instruments, the object of supreme worship ?
A. No, they are not.
Q. Which are the proper acts of religion ?
A. Interior and exterior. Devotion, or a promptitude of the soul to worship God. Prayer, which is raising the mind to God, by meditation, or petitioning for what we want, viz.: Absolutely, grace and heaven; conditionally, all things that conduce that way ; also praise and thanksgiving are parts of prayer. Prayer is mental or vocal, public or private, in set form or extemporary, with attention or pharisaical; actual attention is either to the words, or to God and pious objects; an habitual intention is not sufficient.
Q. Which are the outward acts of religion ?
A. External worship; by genuflexion, crossing, kneeling, uncovering, knocking the breast, incense, prostration, oblations, sacrifice, erecting altars, dedicating churches, vows, oaths, etc.
Q. Are all outward acts of religion indifferent, to signify supreme honor?
A. All excepting altars, sacrifice, and churches; which are all offered to God alone: as for other acts, they are determined by the intention.
Q. Is God worshiped by counsel, or particular works not commanded ?
A. Yes, by vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience.
Q. Which are the vices directly opposite to religion ?
A. Superstition, to adore God by false ways, or expect supernatural effects from improper causes; also idolatry, Judaism, Mahometanism, heresy, divination, conjuration, perjury, blasphemy, sacrilege, etc.