SIX VOLUMES IN ONE
BY THE DISTINGUISHED EXPONENTS OF CATHOLICISM
REV. HENRY DODRIDGE, D. D.
REV. HENRY EDWARD MANNING, D. D.
REV. F. LEWIS, of Granada
REV. STEPHEN KEENAN
REV. BERNARD VAUGHAN, S. J.
REV. THOMAS N. BURKE, O. P.
Q. What particulars have we concerning the creation of other things in the world ?
A. The first chapter of Genesis gives a description how it was performed, viz.: In six days, and all things contained in it, viz.: The first day, God created an undigested heap of matter, out of which all bodies were afterwards formed ; and the same day he made the heavens, and a luminous body. The second day, he divided the earth and the waters. The third day, he separated the earth from the waters, so as to allot them their proper channels ; and the same day he gave the earth a prolific quality, so that it produced all sorts of fruits, minerals, etc., and at the same time he planted the terrestrial paradise. The fourth day, he made the sun, moon and stars. The fifth day, he made the birds, and fishes, etc. On the sixth day, he made beasts and reptiles; and on the same day he made Adam and Eve, and placed them in the terrestrial paradise afterwards.
Q. Why did God form things by degrees, who might have done all things at one instant ?
A. It was his divine pleasure, and to show that nature and grace, by degrees make things perfect; and to give us a more distinct idea that all things were created by him.
THE SECOND ARTICLE OF THE CREED.
Q. Which is the second article of the creed ?
A. And in Jesus Christ his only Son our Lord.
Q. What is chiefly contained in this article ?
A. A belief or faith, in the second person of the blessed Trinity, his incarnation or assuming human nature.
Q. Why is he called Jesus, and who gave him that name?
A. The name was given by God's appointment, when the angel Gabriel saluted the blessed Virgin Mary, and it imports as much
as a Saviour: to signify that he was to be the Redeemer of mankind; as well as to comply with the custom among the Jews, whereby the names they gave to things, was explanatory of the office, or use, they were to be put to. Mat. i. 21. Hence, Josue, the leader of God's people, was called Jesus, because he overcame their enemies, and introduced them into the land of Promise.
Q. In what manner did he become a Saviour, or Redeemer of mankind?
A. By being a mediator between God and man, which he was capable of effecting, not precisely as he was God, nor precisely as man; but as he was both God and man: his divine person rendered his actions infinitely satisfactory and redemptive; his human nature rendered him capable of suffering, and being a mediator.
Q. You say that Jesus Christ is both God and man, pray can you produce any proofs from Scripture that he is both God and man?
A. Yes I can, out of St. John's Gospel, C. i., v. I and 14. "In the beginning was the word, and the word was with God, and the word was God — and the word was made flesh, and dwelt among us." Again, out of the epistle of St. Paul to the Philippians. C. ii., v. 6, 7. Where he says, that " Christ, when he was in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God; but he hath debased himself, taking the form of a servant; made unto the likeness of men, and found in habit as a man"
Q. Is not Christ, as God, a mediator?
A. No, because as God, he is equal to the Father, and cannot be conceived to make any supplication to him.
Q. In what sense are the saints in heaven, mediators between God and man?
A. In the same manner, as all upon earth are mediators for one another; by praying for one another; that is, they are mediators, by way of intercession, not by way of redemption.
Q. Why do Catholics show a particular respect, and bow at the name of Jesus, rather than at any other name of Christ or God ?
A, All God's names are equally worthy of respect; but the custom of bowing at the name of Jesus is observed on account of its being particularly given to signify the work of man's redemption; and therefore St. Paul says, that every knee is to bow when it is mentioned. Phil. ii. 10.
Q. What signification has the word Christ, and in what manner is it attributed to the second person, in the mystery of the incarnation?
A. Christ, in the Greek language, signifies
anointed. Hence, the Messiah, by the ancient prophets, is called the Christ, or the anointed.
Q. Why was the Messiah called the anointed ?
A. From the threefold character he bore, viz.: As being a king, prophet and a priest, who were all, according to the ceremonies of the old law, usually anointed with oil, at their consecration, and installation.
Q. Was our blessed Redeemer visibly anointed with oil ?
A. No, he was anointed invisibly by grace, emblemed by oil. First, by having his human nature united to the divine person, the fountain of grace. Secondly, by having his soul replenished with all sorts of supernatural gifts and graces.
Q. What particular meaning is there, in the ceremony of unction, that it was made use of upon the aforementioned occasions ?
A. The meaning is mystical, and very instructive. Oil has three excellent qualities; it heals wounds, strengthens the limbs, and preserves metal from rust: and upon these accounts, is well adapted, to signify those spiritual gifts, which ought to distinguish persons in authority, who are obliged to direct, strengthen, and heal all those who are subject to them.
Q. How is Christ a king, had he any regal power ?
A. He had a claim to regal power, being God and King of the whole universe. Again, as man, being the redeemer of all mankind, who were subjects of his spiritual kingdom. A temporal king he was not, his kingdom not being of this world. However, he was of the royal stock of David. Luke i. 32, 33.
Q. How was Christ a prophet ?
A. So he is styled by the inspired writers of the old law, and fully answered the character by foretelling many things which happened to the Jewish nation, and to himself, viz.: His passion and sufferings, his resurrection, the destroying of Jerusalem, and conversion of heathenish kingdoms. Deut. xviii. 15.
Q. In what does Christ's priesthood consist ?
A. He was not a priest according to the old law, which, office was propagated by descent in blood, and executed by offering up beasts, etc. But he was a priest according to the new law, offering himself up as a sacrifice upon the cross; as also a priest, according to the order of Melchizedeck, in offering himself at the last supper, under the appearances of bread and wine. Ps. cix. 5.