SIX VOLUMES IN ONE
BY THE DISTINGUISHED EXPONENTS OF CATHOLICISM
REV. HENRY DODRIDGE, D. D.
REV. HENRY EDWARD MANNING, D. D.
REV. F. LEWIS, of Granada
REV. STEPHEN KEENAN
REV. BERNARD VAUGHAN, S. J.
REV. THOMAS N. BURKE, O. P.
THE NINTH COMMANDMENT.
Q. Which is the ninth commandment ?
A. Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's wife.
Q. What is forbidden by this commandment ?
A. Concupiscence, or all unlawful desires against chastity ; as also all voluntary delight and complacency in impure thoughts.
Q. How do you prove that unchaste thoughts and desires, which are voluntary, are mortal sins ?
A. Out of St. Matthew ; " It was said of old, thou shalt not commit adultery; but I say unto you, whosoever shall see a woman to lust after her, hath already committed adultery in his heart." Chap. v. 27, 28.
Q. Were not such sins forbidden by the sixth commandment ?
A. The sixth commandment forbids all outward actions against chastity: this forbids all inward actions, as thoughts and desires.
Q. Why was a particular prohibition given of inward actions ?
A. Because the Jews, even the most learned sort, were apt to think there was no offence, only where the outward action was committed.
Q. What is concupiscence?
A. In general, it is an appetite, desire, or inclination.
Q. When is concupiscence a sin ?
A. When we concur voluntarily.
Q. How do we concur ?
A. There are three degrees in concurring. The first is an involuntary motion, or bare impression from nature, which is not sinful. The second is voluntary, in dwelling on it with delectation; but this is sinful. The third is a consent to what is unlawful; this is also more sinful. There is also a consent in the delectation ; but this is not a consent to the outward action, as in the third degree.
Q. What are we commanded by this commandment ?
A. To entertain chaste and modest thoughts and desires.